DID you know Kalivungan Festival of North Cotabato is considered as the mother of Davao City’s Kadayawan Festival?
A Manobo term for ‘gathering’, Kalivungan was called Hinugyaw until 2011 — when Board Member Aireen Claire Pagal pushed for the renaming of the celebration as a way of giving honor to the lumad inhabitants of the province, the Manobos.
Hinugyaw, a hiligaynon term for exuberant merrymaking, became the province’s official festival in 1991. Before this, it was called Kalivungan.
Today, the month-long celebration ends with a street dancing and showdown competition. Guest of honor is Justice Sec. Leima de Lima.
The first Kalivungan festival was held in Kidapawan City, then the province’s capital town, on May 8, 1974. The celebration was stopped in 1984.
Two years after, the lumad leaders of North Cotabato brought the celebration to Davao City as they desire to continue the celebration of their rich culture and tradition, apparently finding a connection, an affinity with the indigenous peoples in Davao City, then headed by Mayor Zafiro Respicio. It was done through the group Mindanao Highlanders Associations Inc. (Mindahila), then headed by Datu Joseph Sibug.
In Davao City, Kalivungan was called Apo Duwaling Festival, to pay homage to the Mt. Apo, durian, and waling-waling.
On May 11, 1995, Apo Duwaling Festival was changed to Kadayawan when Mayor Rodrigo Duterte signed Executive Order No. 10. In 1996, Kalivungan was brought back home to North Cotabato.
For its 100th year founding anniversary, North Cotabato celebrates not only the colorful culture, life, and history of the lumad people of the province, but of the richness of the “Cotabato Empire,” according to Gov. Emmylou T. Mendoza.
“The Empire Cotabato is alive in the hearts and consciousness of the people of the province and the rest of the region,” Mendoza said, adding that the celebration is well-deserved as the province and its people has succeeded the challenges it faced over the years.
“Amid diversity, man-made and natural calamities, limitations, sacrifices, the province remained strong — the people of the province have and will continue to be united in the face of all adversities and challenges,” Mendoza said.